Ceramic tile, if chosen intelligently and installed correctly, protects and beautifies any surface it covers. It has lasted for centuries on facades and paving areas throughout the world. The variety, style, and endless color selection of ceramic tile has a guaranteed place as a high-end finishing material. Additionally, ceramic tiles are fairly easy to install, if done with the proper planning and preparation. And a do-it-yourself tile installation can save you money too.
The following is first in a series that explains the detailed procedure when looking to install ceramic tile flooring. This will help you install a new ceramic floor or replace an old one.
First of all, making a plan for your ceramic tile flooring is the best means of achieving long-term success. With a good sense of how you want your floor to look and function along with other structural elements, installing ceramic tile flooring will make sense to your space in every way. Taking these other elements into account is the first step to consider when looking installing ceramic tile flooring. The first thing you should do is to draw a floor plan of the room. This plan should include all the details and information, especially things that are NOT directly involved in the project: for example, doors, cabinets, toilet, and electricity supplies, among others. From this point, you will be ready to consider the following in detail:
Evaluate the size of the room to be tiled. Measure the room from one wall to the opposite wall. Now, similarly measure the opposing walls to calculate the square footage of your chosen area. This area is important to note, as it will tell you the number of tiles to purchase to cover that area.
If the room is not a perfect 'square' because of an irregular floor plan, do not include this space while taking initial measurements. It will be difficult to locate the center of the room if you include this space. The procedure to factor this space for tiling can be done separately. Always select tile boxes with similar item code, dimension code, and tone code for one selected area.
Check the arrangements of tiles without using adhesive over an area of about 4 to 5 sq. meters to ensure the some tone and it should be a continuous process for whole area.
Variations in tones is one of the inherent characteristics of ceramics products due to its firing at high temperature therefore if any tile found with different tone can be used separately for cutting or elsewhere. Such kind of faults does not fall in complaints.
Selected area to be tiled should be free of any kind of debris, grease wax etc.
Ceramic tile need wetness before laying (minimum soaking time is 24 to 36 hours)
Porcelain tiles no need to wet before laying.
While checking the rectifier or glazed rectified tiles if any tile appears different in dimension it should be readjusted while rotating till its best adjustment with the other tiles. Appropriate spacing is recommended and be filled with suitable colored grout to avoid the water spill under the tiles from the joint.
Non rectified tiles may vary in dimensions so these must be installed with minimum 2-5mm gap for suitable grouting.
Deliver material to him job site and store in original unopened contractors with all labels intent and legible.
Tile should be stored in a dry covered area.
Extra stock an additional 2-3% of each tile color and size should be ordered for owners use for repairs or replacement.
Acceptability of Surfaces:
Surface to be tiled be smooth and level without more than the following maximum variation Portland cement mortar.
Floor ¼” in 10’ – wall ¼” – 10’
Spryest latest Eporey mortor
Provided adequate lighting for installation you will be save yourself from after laying tone, dimension variation tentation.
Finished installation should be free all tile work use natural cleaners for final cleaning Acid cleaners are not recommended.
Finished installation should be free of all chipped, cracked defective and unbounded tile.
Cover all tile floors with heavy duty construction or Kraft paper marked in place to avoid slims or damage from construction traffic. Best of all is it, that tile laying work should be start after completion of other construction work.
Not foot and wheel traffic can be use the floor for a minimum of 3 days preferably 7 days.
Place large, flat bonds in high traffic area to protect never by tiled floor.
At this stage, you’ve ordered and received your choice of ceramic tiles, having communicated with your sales rep as to which ones will be the most suitable for your install. Ceramic tile experts can tell you that the best way of getting the best results is to be prepared. A well thought out floor plan is of course essential. And a good knowledge base when approaching the vast selection that ceramic tile presents is also a key to success. But the basic step of making sure that the right tools are on hand can be a real time saver. And saving time will make your efforts in installing ceramic tile flooring even more rewarding!
Before you consider the best way to install ceramic tile flooring, here is a basic list of items you need to consider:
The right number of ceramic tiles - both full and trimmed – that match your floor plan for square footage
Setting material- thin set, mastic or adhesive.
Sanded grout for grout joints over 1/8 inch.
Non-sanded or wall grout for joints
Tile adhesive or "mastic"